Children's Health Network Home Page www.clinics4kids.org
www.childrenshealthnetwork.org

Pediatric Specialty Definitions

This page contains a list of the pediatric specialties found in our Provider Directory

Click on any of the specialties listed below to see a particular definition or scroll down the page to see the entire list of specialties with definitions.

List of Pediatric Specialties
Acupuncture
Allergy & Immunology
Ambulatory Service Center
Anesthesia
Audiology
Behavioral Pediatrics
Breast Center
Burn Services
Cardiology
Cardiovascular Surgery
Chemical Health Services
Child Abuse
Chiropractic
Cleft and Craniofacial
Dermatology
Developmental Pediatrics
DME (Durable Medical Equipment)
Ear, Nose and Throat (ENT)
Eating Disorders
Emergency Medicine
Endocrinology
Epilepsy
Family Practice
Feeding Problems
Gastroenterology
Genetics
Hand Surgery
Hematology/Oncology
Home Health Care/Hospice
Home IV Therapy
Infectious Disease
Integrative Medicine
Internal Medicine
Interpreter Services
Laboratory Services
Lactation Services
Mental Health
Multispecialty
Neonatology & NICU (Neonatal Intensive Care Unit)
Nephrology
Neurology
Neuropsychology
Neurosurgery
Nutrition Services
OB/GYN (Obstetrics & Gynecology)
Ophthalmology and/or Ophthalmologic Surgery
Optometry
Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Orthopedic Surgery
Orthotics and Prosthetics
OT (Occupational Therapy)-Habilitative
OT (Occupational Therapy)-Rehabilitative
Pathology
Pediatrics
Perinatal Medicine
Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
Plastic Surgery
Podiatry
Primary Care Services
PT (Physical Therapy)-Habilitative
PT (Physical Therapy)-Rehabilitative
Public Health Services
Pulmonology
Radiation Oncology
Radiology
Rheumatology
Sexual Abuse
Sleep Disorders & Sleep Apnea
ST (Speech Therapy)-Habilitative
ST (Speech Therapy)-Rehabilitative
Surgery
Thoracic & Cardio. Surgery
TMD (Temporal Mandibular Disorder)/TMJ (Temporomandibular Joint Disorder)
Transplant Services
Trauma Services
Travel Clinic
Urgent Care
Urology


ACUPUNCTURE

The insertion of fine needles into specific locations of the body to relieve pain or induce local anesthesia. May also involve the use of heat, pressure, friction, suction or electromagnetic energy.

back to top

ALLERGY & IMMUNOLOGY

A medical specialty focusing on the diagnosis and treatment of allergic and immunologic diseases, including asthma, hay fever, hives, eczema, and drug and food allergies.

back to top

AMBULATORY SERVICE CENTER

A free standing health care center, not physically connected to a hospital, offering a combination of outpatient surgery, diagnostic testing, radiology, rehabilitative services, primary and specialty medical clinics within one location.

back to top


ANESTHESIA

The administration of medications as a means to block pain or diminish consciousness for surgery or procedures, usually by injection or inhalation.

 back to top


AUDIOLOGY

The evaluation and treatment of hearing related problems that cannot be improved by medication or surgery.

back to top


BEHAVIORAL PEDIATRICS

A medical specialty focusing on assessment and treatment of children with behavioral issues, developmental disabilities, adjustment and coping issues, learning and attention disorders, enuresis and encopresis, pain, psychophysiologic disorders, habit problems, anxiety, and stress management.

back to top


BREAST CENTER

A clinic designed around comprehensive evaluation, care and treatment of breast conditions through a multidisciplinary approach to prevention, education, diagnostic assessment and treatment.

back to top


BURN SERVICES

The evaluation and management of burns from thermal, electrical or chemical causes. Management of severe burns includes wound debridement and dressing, surgery and/or rehabilitation. There are three different kinds of burns. A first degree burn is superficial (damage to the top layer of skin only) with the skin usually being red and turning white if pressed on. Second degree burns look similar to first degree burns; however, the damage is now severe enough to cause blistering of the skin and the pain is usually more intense. In third degree burns the first and second layers of the skin has been damaged to the point of skin death usually requiring removal of the dead tissue and skin grafting.

back to top


CARDIOLOGY

A medical specialty focusing on the diagnosis and treatment of disorders of the heart and major blood vessels.

back to top


CARDIOVASCULAR SURGERY

A medical specialty focusing on the surgical treatment of clinical issues related to the chest, heart and blood vessels.

back to top


CHEMICAL HEALTH SERVICES

Services for the diagnosis and treatment of chemical dependency, including alcoholism and substance abuse. Services may be provided on an inpatient or outpatient basis and are performed by a licensed psychiatrist, licensed psychologist or other licensed behavioral health therapist.

back to top


CHILD ABUSE

Child abuse is a very complex and dangerous set of problems that include child neglect and the physical, emotional, and sexual abuse of children.

back to top


CHIROPRACTIC

The treatment to restore normal function through manipulation and adjustment; particularly of the spine.

back to top


CLEFT AND CRANIOFACIAL

A medical specialty focusing on a multidisciplinary team approach to assessment and treatment of anomalies of the head, face, lip and palate.

back to top


DERMATOLOGY

A medical specialty focusing on the diagnosis and medical/surgical treatment of all diseases and disorders of the skin, hair and nails.

back to top


DEVELOPMENTAL PEDIATRICS

A medical specialty focusing on assessment and treatment of children with developmental delays, developmental disabilities or chronic conditions effecting physical or emotional development, learning or behavior.

back to top


DME (Durable Medical Equipment)

Items that are primarily used to serve a medical purpose and are generally appropriate for use in the patient's home. Equipment ranges from walkers, wheelchairs, electric hospital beds to sophisticated oxygen delivering devices, ventilators and enteral feeding systems.

back to top


EAR, NOSE AND THROAT (ENT)

A medical specialty focusing on the diagnosis, medical or surgical treatment of diseases and disorders of the ear, nose and throat. Also known as Otolaryngology.

back to top


EATING DISORDERS

A pathological fear of weight gain leading to faulty eating patterns. The two most common types of eating disorders are anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa. Anorexia nervosa is characterized by self-starvation leading to excessive weight loss. Bulimia nervosa is characterized by eating large amounts of food, followed by self-induced purging through use of vomiting, laxatives and/or excessive exercise to rid the body of calories.

back to top


EMERGENCY MEDICINE

Medical attention for patients with severe or life threatening conditions that require immediate attention to preserve life or stabilize health. An emergency is the sudden, unexpected onset of illness or injury which, if left untreated or unattended until the next available clinic hours, would result in hospitalization or death. Compare with Urgent Care.

back to top


ENDOCRINOLOGY

A medical specialty focusing on the study and treatment of disorders of the endocrine glands which secrete hormones into the bloodstream including diabetes, thyroid and growth disorders. (The pituitary, thyroid, pancreas, adrenal, testicles, and ovaries are examples of endocrine glands.)

back to top


EPILEPSY

(Seizure disorder): When nerve cells in the brain fire electrical impulses at a rate of up to four times higher than normal, this causes an electrical storm in the brain, known as a seizure. A pattern of repeated seizures is referred to as epilepsy. Known causes include head injuries, brain tumors, lead poisoning, maldevelopment of the brain, genetic and infectious illnesses. But in fully half of cases, no cause can be found. Medication controls seizures for the majority of patients.  Care of these conditions is generally provided by a physician specializing in Neurology.

back to top


FAMILY PRACTICE

A medical specialty providing general medical care and treatment of medical problems for all family members.

back to top


FEEDING PROBLEMS

The evaluation and management of issues related to feeding and swallowing primarily in infants and small children. Services are provided by a multidisciplinary team including physician or nurse practitioner, speech therapist, occupational therapist and nutritional specialist.

back to top


GASTROENTEROLOGY

A medical specialty focusing on the diagnosis and treatment of diseases and disorders of the digestive system including the liver, stomach and intestines, and medical conditions such as ulcers, tumors and colitis.

back to top


GENETICS

A medical specialty focusing on hereditary and genetic factors that may play a role in causing a disease, birth defect, or inherited susceptibility to a health problem.

back to top


HAND SURGERY

A medical specialty within orthopedics that focuses on the surgical treatment of the bones and joints related specifically to the wrist and hand.

back to top


HEMATOLOGY/ONCOLOGY

A medical specialty focusing on the study, diagnosis and treatment of the blood, blood-forming tissues, disorders affecting them, cancerous and non-cancerous tumors.

back to top


HOME HEALTH CARE/HOSPICE

Home Health: Agency that provides skilled nursing services to an individual in the home.


Hospice: Program that provides care for terminally ill patients and their families.

back to top


HOME IV THERAPY

Intravenous therapy that can be provided in the home via a central or peripheral line. Some of the therapies offered are antibiotics, chemotherapy, pain management, hydration, total parental nutrition as well as enteral nutrition. Home infusion therapy allows you to receive the therapy you need in the comfort and convenience of your own home.

back to top


INFECTIOUS DISEASE

A medical specialty focusing on the diagnosis and treatment for unusual bacterial, viral and communicable diseases, including hepatitis, meningitis, tuberculosis, Lyme Disease and AIDS.

back to top


INTEGRATIVE MEDICINE

An evolving medical specialty blending traditional, cultural, and complementary medical practice and treatment. Services may include biofeedback, massage therapy, aromatherapy, acupuncture/acupressure or other relaxation techniques. Some of the services provided within this specialty may not be covered by some insurance plans.

back to top


INTERNAL MEDICINE

A medical specialty focusing on the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of diseases affecting adults.

back to top


INTERPRETER SERVICES

Individuals who receive specialized training in medical terminology who can interpret medical information provided by a health care professional for non-English speaking or hearing impaired patients and their families.

back to top


LABORATORY SERVICES

Laboratory: a place equipped for examination of materials derived from the human body for the purpose of providing information on diagnosis, prevention or treatment of disease.

back to top


LACTATION SERVICES

Professionals trained to help mothers who want to breastfeed their babies.

back to top


MENTAL HEALTH

Services for the diagnosis and treatment of mental illness. Services may be provided on an inpatient or outpatient basis and are performed by a licensed psychiatrist, licensed psychologist or other licensed behavioral health therapist. Also called Behavioral Health.

back to top


MULTISPECIALTY

A group practice in which several physicians with various specialties are recognized as a single business entity.

back to top


NEONATOLOGY & NICU (Neonatal Intensive Care Unit)

Neonatology: A medical specialty focusing on the care and treatment of critically ill and/or premature babies.


NICU: A special care nursery for newborn infants with severe medical complications, who can't get the intense kind of care they need in a normal newborn nursery.

back to top


NEPHROLOGY

A medical specialty focusing on the treatment of kidney diseases and disorders.

back to top


NEUROLOGY

A medical specialty focusing on the treatment of disorders of the brain, spinal cord and nerves in the spine and extremities, including conditions such as strokes and seizures.

back to top


NEUROPSYCHOLOGY

Doctorally trained clinical psychologists with additional specialized training in evaluation of brain-related cognitive, learning, behavioral and emotional disorders.

back to top


NEUROSURGERY

A surgical specialty focusing on the surgical treatment of the brain, spinal cord and the nerves in the spine and extremities.

back to top


NUTRITION SERVICES

Health care professionals who specialize in the study of food and how it works within the body. Evaluation and recommendations can be made regarding weight management and nutritional supplementation.

back to top


OB/GYN (Obstetrics & Gynecology)

A medical specialty focusing on the care of women during and after pregnancy and childbirth, and the care of the female reproductive system and treatment of associated disorders.

back to top


OPHTHALMOLOGY AND/OR OPHTHALMOLOGIC SURGERY

A medical specialty focusing on the diagnosis and treatment, including surgery, of diseases and disorders of the eye, such as cataracts and glaucoma.

back to top


OPTOMETRY

The diagnosis and treatment of visual defects using eyeglasses, optical aids or exercises to correct the defect.

back to top


ORAL AND MAXILLOFACIAL SURGERY

A medical specialty focusing on the diagnosis and treatment of disorders of the mouth, teeth, jaws and facial structures, including surgical correction of facial deformities and fractures.

back to top


ORTHOPEDIC SURGERY

A medical specialty focusing on the medical and/or surgical management of injuries to bones or joints.

back to top


ORTHOTICS AND PROSTHETICS

Orthotics: The specialized field relating to orthopedic appliances, braces and other devices used to support weight, prevent or correct deformities, or align and improve the function of movable parts of the body.


Prosthetics: The study of artificial limbs ? their design, construction and fitting to a patient.

back to top


OT (Occupational Therapy)- HABILITATIVE

The treatment of a delay in development of fine motor skills such as small muscle groups in hands. Focus of treatment is in development or strengthening muscle groups to teach or improve skills related to activities of daily living such as feeding, bathing and dressing.

back to top


OT (Occupational Therapy)- REHABILITATIVE

The treatment of a loss of function or use of fine motor skills secondary to illness or injury. Focus of treatment is in strengthening or retraining of small muscle groups generally in hands to regain independence and skills related to activities of daily living such as feeding, bathing and dressing.

back to top


PATHOLOGY

A medical specialty focusing on the examination of surgical specimens and biopsies for diagnostic purposes and who provide expertise in the performance and interpretation of laboratory testing and blood banking.

back to top


PEDIATRICS

A medical specialty focusing on the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of infants, children and adolescents.

back to top


PERINATAL MEDICINE

Obstetricians and staff who are specialized in the care of pregnant women and unborn babies with high risk of having complications during pregnancy and or delivery.

back to top


PHYSICAL MEDICINE AND REHABILITATION

A medical specialty focusing on the overall physical function of a patient with emphasis on maintaining the highest level of functioning and comfort and maximizing independence through the use of therapy (physical or occupational) and/or durable medical equipment, orthotics or prosthetics.

back to top


PLASTIC SURGERY

A medical specialty focusing on the surgical repair, restoration or improvement of conditions or injuries to the skin and external features resulting from disease, injury or birth defects.

back to top


PODIATRY

The care and treatment of the foot and ankle disorders ranging from childhood problems through those resulting from aging, including injury and disease and surgical correction of bunions, hammertoes and other conditions.

back to top


PRIMARY CARE SERVICES

Basic or general health care usually provided by general practitioners, family practitioners, internists and pediatricians.

back to top


PT (Physical Therapy)- HABILITATIVE

The treatment in the delay in development of the function or use of large muscle skills such as in the legs and arms. Focus of treatment is in development and strengthening of large muscle groups generally used in walking and lifting. Treatment may include the use of heat, water, exercise, massage and electric current.

back to top


PT (Physical Therapy)- REHABILITATIVE

The treatment of a loss of function or use of large muscle skills secondary to illness or injury. Focus of treatment is in strengthening or retraining large muscle groups generally in legs and arms to regain independence and skills related to activities such as walking and lifting. Treatment may include the use of heat, water, exercise, massage and electric current.

back to top


PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICES

Home nursing services provided by a registered nurse from the County Public Health Department or County Health Services Department.

back to top


PULMONOLOGY

A medical specialty focusing on the diagnosis and treatment of acute and chronic diseases and conditions of the respiratory system, such as bronchitis, asthma, emphysema and occupational lung disease.

back to top


RADIATION ONCOLOGY

The branch of radiology that uses radiant energy and isotopes in the study and treatment of cancer.

back to top


RADIOLOGY

A medical specialty focusing on the use of radiation, ultrasound, X-rays, computerized tomography (CT), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), mammography and other imaging technologies to diagnose diseases and internal disorders.

back to top


RHEUMATOLOGY

A medical specialty focusing on the diagnosis and treatment of diseases signaled by inflammation or pain in the muscles, joints or connective tissues, such as arthritis.

back to top


SEXUAL ABUSE

Sexual abuse includes fondling a child's genitals, intercourse, incest, rape, sodomy, exhibitionism, and commercial exploitation through prostitution or the production of pornographic materials.

back to top


SLEEP DISORDERS & SLEEP APNEA

A medical specialty focusing on the evaluation, diagnosis and management of sleep related problems including sleep apnea, which is defined as breathing lapses greater than 10 seconds during sleep.

back to top


ST (Speech Therapy)- HABILITATIVE

The treatment of a delay in speech development including articulation, fluency, resonance or expression.

back to top


ST (Speech Therapy)- REHABILITATIVE

The treatment of a speech impairment resulting from an illness or injury such as head injury or stroke.

back to top


SURGERY

A medical specialty focusing on surgical intervention to treat a disease or correct a problem related to an injury, illness or deformity.

back to top


THORACIC & CARDIO. SURGERY

A medical specialty focusing on the surgical treatment of diseases of the chest, heart and lungs.

back to top


TMD (Temporal Mandibular Disorder)/TMJ (Temporomandibular Joint Disorder)

Temporal Mandibular Disorder (TMD) affects the joint where your skull meets the lower jaw. Stress, grinding of teeth, poor posture or injury can cause the joint to become misaligned. Symptoms may include clicking of the joint, jaw or facial pain, stiffness, headache or a locked jaw.

back to top


TRANSPLANT SERVICES

A health care system that operates a transplant program which may involve various organs, tissues, and cells (such as kidneys, hearts, lungs, livers, bone marrow, and others). Organ and tissue transplantation includes the transfer a section of tissue or complete or partial organ from its original position to a new position. For instance, transferring a healthy organ from one person's body to a person in need of that organ.

back to top


TRAUMA SERVICES

Emergency medical services and treatment for critically injured children and adults available through a specially trained team of physicians, surgeons and clinical support staff.

back to top


TRAVEL CLINIC

A specialty clinic focusing on evaluation of diseases and problems endemic to specific parts of the world with the administration of appropriate immunizations and patient education on the protections the traveler should take when traveling to that part of the world.

back to top


URGENT CARE

The treatment for a condition that requires prompt attention, but does not impose an immediate, serious health threat. An Urgent Care Clinic generally is available for services needed after normal primary care clinic hours.

back to top


UROLOGY

A medical specialty focusing on the diagnosis and medical or surgical treatment of diseases and disorders of the kidneys, bladder, and urinary tract.  As well as disorders affecting the male reproductive organs.

back to top